Year: 2021 | Month: June | Volume 1 | Issue 1
Issues and prospects of indigenous poultry rearing in hilly areas of J&K state
The state of Jammu and Kashmir is having 5.6 million poultry which contributes about 63.2 million eggs per annum. Backyard poultry contributes about 60% of total poultry produce in the state. Rajouri district, a hill district, is an agriculture based district of Jammu & Kashmir where the main stay of the population in the district is agriculture, livestock and poultry rearing. Due to the small land holding, it has become imperative for these people to diversify the agricultural activities and go for some viable allied activities like poultry farming. Poultry farming appears to be a key for economic upliftment of poor farmers, landless labourers and unemployed youth in this district of the state. To find out the problematic issues and advantageous prospects related to indigenous poultry rearing a SWOT analysis of indigenous poultry rearing in Rajouri District of Jammu and Kashmir had been taken for the study. The SWOT analysis was done village wise and by discussions with the progressive poultry farmers and experts in the field of poultry. Forty progressive farmers were selected from the two selected blocks Nowshera and Sunderbani on the basis of their experience they were involved in indigenous poultry rearing and the number of birds they kept. Twenty experts were selected randomly from the faculty of veterinary science, R.S Pura, Department of Animal Husbandry and field veterinarians. Thus, a total of 60 respondents were selected in all as the sample. In the present study, majority (81.67%) of the respondents reported self employment and entrepreneurship was the main opportunity, 83.33 percent of the respondents were of the view that indigenous poultry enterprises do not need high start-up cost to establish as a profitable business as the main strength , eighty five percent of the respondents reported that lack of good management practices during disease condition was the main weakness and around 81.67 percent of the respondents reported an outbreak of bird flu and other epidemics as the main threat in the indigenous poultry rearing. The topographical constraints, largely poor and resource poor nature of inhabitants makes indigenous poultry a viable enterprise to meet nutritional requirements in terms of cost effective animal protein through poultry meat and eggs in hilly areas.
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